The Short Sale
What is a Short Sale?
A short sale is a transaction in which the lender, or lenders, agree to accept less than the mortgage amount owed by the current homeowner. In some cases, the difference is forgiven by the lender, and in others the homeowner must make arrangements with the lender to settle part or all of the remainder of the debt. Overall, when a short sale occurs, the homeowner is "shorting" the bank the funds owed on the home --- and unbelievably... THE BANK AGREES! Go figure!
Economic conditions have caused the rise in short sale properties. This has changed in the way we buy and sell real estate. Short sales can be a win-win for all parties involved. If successful, Sellers avoid foreclosure, mortgage companies (servicers) often reduce their losses and Buyers gain homes at one of the best times in history to purchase a home.
Most people considering a short selling their homes have encountered some type of life changing event (s)or have an investment that for a number of reasons, isn't panning out. Factors include the type of loan, our economy, their income, life events and etc.
Why Short Sales are on the Rise?
A short sale can also be the best option for a homeowners who are “upside down” on mortgages because a short sale may not hurt their credit history as much as a foreclosure. As a result, homeowners may qualify for another mortgage sooner once they get back on their feet financially.
Finally, even banks have figured out that short sales are a good option for most folks that are having trouble.
Some Down Sides to Short Sales
The down sides to short sales can be difficult to swallow if not managed. Below you'll find more information on: short sales and their challenges, the government's efforts to address these challenges, and tools to help you navigate the short sale process:
1. Limited experience
Many Realtors are new to the short sales process; a difficulty which is compounded by many lenders' lack of sufficient and experienced staff to process short sales. Even if the REALTORS® are experienced, most servicers are understaffed and still not adequately trained, making negotiating a short sale particularly difficult. Banks have a large back load of short sales. Loss mitigation departments tend to be understaffed, considering the level of demand and continually work to get a hold of the process. Those Realtors that take a more passive approach to short sales; waiting for banks to contact them with progress reports tend to have limited success. When considering short sale realtors, ask a few important questions: a) How many short sale contracts have you closed? b) What percentage of your short sale ratified contracts have actually closed? c) What's your average length of time to close a short sale?
In the past, both short-sales documents and processes are lender-specific, making it very difficult and time-consuming for Realtors to become knowledgeable and efficient in facilitating these transactions. Recent changes in the short sale process by the federal government are designed to define and shorten the process. This will take some time. But the process is still far less clear than the standard sales process.
3. Multiple lenders
When more than one lender is involved, the negotiations can be more challenging. Second lien holders sometimes delay the transaction to exert the largest possible payment, to recover more funds in exchange for releasing their lien.
4. Too many interpretations of the same information
When speaking to short sale/loss mitigation departments, the bank employees sometimes read the same information differently. They also sometimes don't understand the process as well as they could. Learning to navigate through the many different individuals to find the common theme takes an experienced Short Sale Realtor on your team.
A Note for Sellers
If you think a short sale may be an option for you, make sure you consult with three professionals.
1. An Experienced "Short Sale Realtor" - not to be confused with an experienced Realtor. Short sales are a unique type of transaction. You really need a realtor who knows and has been successful selling short sales.
2. A Tax Accountant - find out what the tax implications are. This is a quick consult that could make a big difference in what you decide. One hour of your time is all it takes. The cost is minimal, but the implications could be significant. Your realtor cannot advise you on your tax implications.
**If you require an experienced short sale agent on either the buyer or seller side, contact me at firstname.lastname@example.org